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A Path Toward Race-Conscious Standards for Youth: Translating Adultification Bias Theory into Doctrinal Interventions in Criminal Court

Keywords adultification bias; disproportionate sentencing; racism; racial bias; doctrinal intervention

A Cross-Clinic Collaboration: How an Amicus Brief Helped Create Judicial Recognition of Adultification Bias in Juvenile Sentencing

Keywords adultification bias; race; civil rights; sentencing disparities; legal standards

The Miller Trilogy, Jones, and the Future of Juvenile Sentencing and Constitutional Interpretation in the Post-Jones America

Keywords juvenile sentencing; extreme punishment; Miller; Jones v. Mississippi; sentencing reform; United States

Advancing Racial Justice Through the Restatement of Children and the Law

Keywords Restatement of Children and the Law; racial bias; disparate treatment; juvenile justice system; adolescent development; racial justice; procedural protections

Peer assumption: an illusory consensus hidden in the criminal responsibility of juvenile offender—evidence from psychology

Keywords juvenile delinquent; criminal responsibility; dialectical thinking; self control; empathy

Amicus Curiae Brief of the Students of Father Gabriel Richard High School, Ann Arbor, Michigan

Keywords Eighth Amendment; LWOP; life without parole; immaturity; characteristics of youth; capacity for change; decision-making; impulsivity

What Goes Up but Never Comes Down? Juvenile Punitive Practice Within the United States

Keywords Youth; solitary confinement; neglect; education; counseling; prison conditions for youth

The end of “permanently incorrigible”: Putting Jones v. Mississippi into context

Keywords Jones v. Mississippi; life without parole; LWOP; juvenile sentencing; developmental psychology; rehabilitation; permanent incorrigibility

Merit Brief of Amici Curiae American Civil Liberties Union of Ohio Foundation, Inc., Juvenile Law Center, Montgomery County Public Defender, and Children's Law Center, Inc. et al. in Support of Appellant

Keywords delinquent; juveniles; rehabilitation; sex offenses; child-victim offenses; sentencing discretion; reduced culpability; lesser blameworthiness; brain development; adolescent behavior; Roper; juvenile sex offender; juvenile court discretion; child offenders

Brief of Juvenile Law Center as Amicus Curiae on Behalf of Appellant, O.K.

Keywords child soldiers; international law; personal jurisdiction; juveniles; minors; adolescents; developmental differences; youth; soldier

Memorandum of Amici Curiae the Fred T. Korematsu Center for Law and Equality and the Center for Indian Law & Policy on the Timing of a Post-Admission Judicial Hearing

Keywords involuntary commitment; minors; due process; confinement; psychiatric evaluation; foster children; involuntary psychiatric confinement; Fourteenth Amendment (U.S.); post-admission hearing

Brief of the NAACP Legal Defense and Educational Fund, Inc., the American Civil Liberties Union, et. al., as Amici Curiae in Support of Respondent

Keywords death penalty; youth of color; mitigation of youth; mitigating factor; death; execution

Brief of the European Union and Members of the International Community in Support of Respondent

Keywords international law; death penalty; under 18; minors; juveniles

Brief of New York, Iowa, Kansas, Maryland, Minnesota, New Mexico, Oregon, and West Virginia as Amici Curiae in Support of Respondent

Keywords execution; death penalty; age 17; capital sentencing; cruel and unusual punishment; Eighth Amendment (U.S.)

Brief of Amici Curiae Juvenile Law Center et al. in Support of Appellee Edwin Ike Mares

Keywords Miller; substantive law; retroactivity; resentencing; Eighth Amendment (U.S.); cruel and unusual punishment; child; mandatory LWOP; life without parole; felony murder; 16-year-old
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